Three individuals took part in each session of the experiment: The "experimenter", who was in charge of the session. The "teacher", a volunteer for a single session.
First I will discuss the reason for Milgrims study of obedience to authority. Then I will explain the experiment, its formulation, and its results. Finally I will cover the influence of the experiment on psychology and society. He earned his bachelors degree in Political Sciences from Queens College, where he never even took a course in psychology.
He then applied to Harvard for his Ph. After taking a few courses in psychology he was accepted to Harvartd where he earned his Ph. The world was in the wake of World War II and society was still shocked by the discovery of what was really going on in Europe during the war.
How could one man get an entire country to go along with such an evil plan? Why did people listen to Hitler and blindly obey his orders? Everyone thought to themselves that they would never do the things the Nazis did if they were being told to by their government.
No one wanted to believe that people were so submissive to authority that they would carry out orders they knew were wrong Blass. Milgrim wanted to find out how far a person will go when they are given orders by an authoritative figure. Milgrim however suspected that people would succumb to authority further than they liked to think Slater.
Milgrim first became interested in this area of psychology at Harvard where he was a research assistant to social psychologist Solomom Asch. Asch conducted conformity experiments in which the subject was seated among seven other people who he believed to be subjects as well but were actually part of the experiment.
Each person was asked which one of three lines was equal in length to a fourth. Some of the seven fake subjects would give wrong answers and it was found that one third of the time the real subject would follow the majority and give the same incorrect answer.
Milgrim altered this experiment and conducted it in Norway and France so he could compare the way people of different cultures responded to peer pressure.
In Milgrims experiment subjects identified which one of two of tones was longer.
As subjects waited for their trial, they heard fake subjects give wrong answers. Milgrim found that Norwegians conformed and gave the same answer as the majority more often than the French did Blass. After Milgrim earned his Ph.
The next year he started his famous "shock experiment" Blass. The subjects of the experiment believed that they were taking part in a study on the relationship of learning and punishment. The subject would sit in a room and ask questions to an actor in another room, who was supposed to be another subject.
In front of the questioner was a box that had a series of buttons labeled from 15 volts to volts. The subject was told to shock the person every time they answered incorrectly, increasing the voltage each time. As the shocks got worse, the actor would make noise, bang on the wall, yell for help, etc.
Milgrim found, contrary to many psychologists predictions, that sixty-five percent of the subjects delivered the shocks all the way up to volts Slater.And the reason that this is important is because Milgram's studies, like many of the other studies on conformity and obedience were conducted in response to something, in this case, the atrocities committed during the Holocaust.
Apr 04, · Our analysis indicates that many properties of Milgram's study conditions were associated with rates of obedient responding. These eight properties are diverse, pertaining to aspects of two of the three roles in the study – Teacher and Experimenter – as well as to both of the relationships between roles: Teacher-Experimenter and .
Is Milgram’s deceptive research ethically acceptable? Theoretical and Applied Ethics, 2, 1 – Google Scholar: Baumrind, D. (, 10). When subjects become objects: The lies Milgram told! [Review of the book Behind the shock machine: The untold story of the notorious Milgram psychology experiments, by G.
Theory and Psychology, Milgram’s participants initially used very low, harmless levels of shock, and only gradually did the intensity of the shock increase.
This may have created a sense of psychological entrapment or dissonance for the participant during the course of . This text provides an overview of when and how individuals give in to herd behavior. Stanley Milgram experiment specifically for you. An explanation of how the concept situations applies to the study results Situations played a major role in the Amalgam’s experiment.
Amalgam’s experiment has become a topic in not only Psychology, but also other areas. His experiment has gone down in the books as one of the most.