Descartes suggested that the human animal is in reality reducible to two separable and distinct substances, a mind having no parts or other physical characteristics and a body having shape, measurable quantity, and motion. He recognized that, regardless of what the changeable physical world was really like, his mind was still whole and unchanged, and therefore somehow separate from that physical world. His theory focuses on human nature and reality itself.
Free essays on Philosophy available at barnweddingvt.com, the largest free essay community. My Personal Philosophy of Discipline Essay. Words 5 Pages. Show More. Discipline is a way of behaving which shows the willingness to obey rules or a code of behavior. It is also a way of knowing the right from the wrong, the acceptable from the unacceptable. Teaching children discipline should help them engage with others and . John Locke (—) John Locke was among the most famous philosophers and political theorists of the 17 th century. He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism, and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government.
Second Essay, Sections Commentary Nietsche often speaks very harshly about slave morality, bad conscience, and much besides that characterizes contemporary society, and it might be difficult to see his attitude going any deeper than sheer contempt.
The temptation would be to read a simple "past was good, present is bad" into Nietzsche, which recommends a return to the savage, cruel, but "cheerful" past before the development of slave morality or bad conscience. This section of the text encourages a more complex and accurate reading.
While Nietzsche speaks of bad conscience as an "illness" and harshly disparages slave morality in the first essay, he sees these recent developments in human history as carrying some advance over past societies.
While prehistoric people may have been more cheerful, more free spirited, less mediocre, they also lacked depth. They allowed themselves to be governed by their instincts, and their will to power was always turned outward toward conquest and survival.
They had no interest in themselves and made no effort to control themselves or understand themselves.
With the formation of fixed communities, the cheerful barbarians lost the freedom to harm others, to roam free, to obey their instincts. Unable to direct their will to power outward, they turned it inward and aimed to overcome and conquer themselves. In so doing, they discovered an inner life.
While this inner life led to the development of slave morality and bad conscience, Nietzsche also mentions some significant improvements: Rather than going back, Nietzsche wants us going ever forward.
If the inner life is the outcome of the will to power turning inward, then our inner life is essentially a struggle. Nietzsche wants us to win this struggle.
Our will to power must overcome itself completely so that we no longer have a bad conscience or ressentiment. In Thus Spoke Zarathustra Nietzsche famously calls the person who has attained this final state the overman, or superman.
In that work, he speaks of humanity as a rope between animal and overman. The struggle that is our lives therefore makes us interesting, and is a sign that we are walking along this rope. Bad conscience arises when we see ourselves as something shameful and hateful, and this bad conscience can make us tame and mediocre.
To overcome ourselves we must affirm ourselves, see life, the world, and ourselves as great things, not sins to atone for. Nietzsche worries that we have come to see ourselves as fixed things, as ends in ourselves.
He counters that we are neither fixed nor things: If we stay as we are, we are simply a mess, but if we press forward, we can be gods.We provide reliable homework help online and custom college essay service.
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Powerful Essays words ( pages) Essay about Teaching Philosophy - Teaching Philosophy Philosophy of Education, is the exploration for the meaning of life. Article Writing & Redacción de investigaciones Projects for €30 - € I need a short and concise ( page) essay which explains Hume's analysis of causation.
Despite the fact that, as Shakespeare said, "the pen is mightier than the sword," the pen itself is not enough to make an effective writer. In fact, though we may all like to think of ourselves as the next Shakespeare, inspiration alone is not the key to effective essay writing.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
The term was probably coined by Pythagoras (c.
– BCE). Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument, and systematic presentation. Philosophy Exam Essay Question 1: Earnestly, Descartes ponders over the course of Meditation IV how an all-powerful and seemingly benevolent God could allow man to believe errors and falsehoods.